Foot and Toe Injuries

The bones and joints in the foot can suffer various types of injury, such as fractures, cuts and bruising. Minor fractures are usually caused by direct force.

Always compare the injured foot with the uninjured foot, especially toes, because fractures can result in deformities that may not be immediately obvious.

Multiple fractures that affect many or all of the bones in the foot are usually caused by crushing injuries. These fractures may be open, with severe bleeding and swelling, needing immediate first aid treatment. Foot and toe injuries must be treated in hospital.


  • Do not allow the casualty to eat or drink, because an anesthetic may be needed. 


  • Difficulty in walking.
  • Stiffness of movement.
  • Bruising and swelling.
  • Deformity.


  1. Help the casualty to lie down, and carefully steady and support the injured leg. If there is a wound, carefully expose it and treat the bleeding. Place a dressing over the wound to protect it.
  2. Remove any foot jewelry before the area begins to swell.
  3. Apply a cold compress, such as an ice pack or a cold pad. This will also help to relieve swelling and reduce pain.
  4. Place padding around the casualty’s foot and bandage firmly in place.

Call ∗9999 to arrange for the patient to be sent to a medical center.

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